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ENC Analysis – The EU accession process in the Western Balkans and the Roma

By Publications, Research

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis entitled The EU accession process in the Western Balkans and the Roma”.

The ENC Analysis is written by Dr. Yorgos Christidis, Associate Professor of Comparative Politics in the Balkans at the Department of Balkan, Slavonic and Oriental Studies of the University of Macedonia (Thessaloniki, Greece). He is also a Research Fellow at the Hellenic Foundation for European and Security Policy (ELIAMEP) and ENC Academic Council member.

As the EU is getting closer to the Western Balkan countries, it is clear that in the next round of EU enlargement, another group of marginalized Roma communities will become part of the wider Roma predicament faced by the EU. In this publication, Dr. Christidis analyses the position of the Roma in the Western Balkan countries, EU’s “Roma policy” and sets some questions on the effectiveness of the current EU and national approaches.


The full analysis is available here.

ENC Analysis-Ensuring Security in Ukraine & Eastern Europe: New Formats for EU/NATO Cooperation with Ukraine

By Publications, Research

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis entitled ”Ensuring Security in Ukraine and Eastern Europe: New Formats for EU/NATO Cooperation with Ukraine

This ENC Analysis is authored by Samuel Doveri Vesterbye, Mykhailo Gonchar, Andreas Marazis and Vitalii Martyniuk. The European Neighbourhood Council and the Centre for Global Studies ”Strategy XXI”, with support of the NATO Information and Documentation Centre in Ukraine organized the two-day conference on 30-31 May 2018 in Kyiv. Based on the results of the conference, this report examines the EU-NATO cooperation in relation to Ukraine with the aim of further embedding the country’s security.

The full analysis is available in PDF format below.

pdf4Analysis of EU-NATO cooperation in relation to Ukraine

ENC Analysis: ”The Facilitation of the Issuance of Visas as part of EU-Armenia Relations”

By Publications, Research

ENC Analysis: ”The Facilitation of the Issuance of Visas as part of EU-Armenia Relations”

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) is glad to introduce the third analysis of the new feature entitled “ENC Analysis“. The latter will display analyses by our Academic Council Members and External Advisors on relevant topics regarding the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) area and wider Europe.

This ENC Analysis features the opinion of Stepan Grigoryan and Nikolay Israyelyan on the facilitation of the issuance of visas as part of EU-Armenia relations. The final objective of the study is to develop the EU-Armenia relationship and serve as a basis for launching the EU-Armenia visa dialogue and subsequently reaching a visa-free regime.

ENC Analysis

The full analysis is available here.

ENC Analysis-Religious soft power in the South Caucasus: The influence of Iran and Turkey

By Publications, Research

ENC Analysis-Religious soft power in the South Caucasus: The influence of Iran and Turkey

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis entitled “Religious soft power in the South Caucasus: The influence of Iran and Turkey

This ENC Analysis is authored by Dr. Ansgar JÃdicke, ENC Academic Council Member, and focuses on the changing geopolitical situation for Iran and Turkey, the impact in South Caucasus as well as the question of how these competing geopolitical influences work in the realm of religiously based soft power.

The full analysis is available here.

Release of ENC Booklet: The Future of Europe and Turkey

By Publications, Research

The Future of Europe and Turkey

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The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) has published its latest booklet entitled “The Future of Europe and Turkey”. This publication, which was produced with the financial support of the Delegation of the European Union to Turkey, Friedrich Naumann Stiftung (FNF) and Economic Development Foundation (IKV), is part of the ENC Training and Public Lecture Programme in Brussels and in Turkey.

The booklet, which was co-edited by Samuel Doveri Vesterbye, ENC Managing Director and Andreas Marazis, ENC Head of Research for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, includes forewords by Ambassador Christian Berger, Head of Delegation of the European Union to Turkey and Faruk Kaymakci, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Director for EU Affairs.

The publication presents innovative perspectives on some of the most pressing challenges that characterise the current state of affairs of EU’s foreign policy and its Global Strategy, namely data privacy, which Dr. Ronald Meinardus (Head of Friedrich Naumann Stiftung Turkey Office) declares to be the “major concern of governments, civil society and citizens in all parts of the world”. Technology and digital innovation are also highlighted throughout the booklet as imminent priorities to look out for in the future of Europe.

The future of EU-Turkey relations is examined critically by prominent experts on the subject, such as Ayhan Zeytinoglu (IKV Chairman) and Samuel Doveri Vesterbye. The authors offer a reflection on the main challenges and opportunities of the Turkish membership perspective but also on the visions of the EU across the country and the world. Despite the recent ups and downs between Turkey and the EU, Mr. Zeytinoglu argues that “it is still possible to make a new beginning”.

More than 3.000 copies of the ENC booklet were distributed among university students, academic staff, and governmental and non-governmental partners in Turkey. The project equally disseminated the publication online and offline during a dissemination lecture series with local partners, including outreach to student groups and university faculties across Turkey.

The ENC Booklet “The Future of Europe and Turkey”  is available in English and Turkish:

pdfThe Future of Europe and Turkey (English version)

pdf The Future of Europe and Turkey (Turkish version)

ENC Analysis: In favour of censorship & propaganda: Elites, media capture & the journalistic profession in the WB

By Publications, Research

ENC Analysis: In favour of censorship & propaganda: Elites, media capture & the journalistic profession in the WB

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis entitled “In favour of censorship and propaganda: Elites, media capture and the journalistic profession in the Western Balkans (the case of Serbia)”.

The ENC Analysis is written by Prof. Branislav Radeljić, ENC Academic Council Member and Director of Internationalization at Necmettin Erbakan University. In his paper, Dr. Radeljić uses Serbia as a case-study to describe the behaviour of political and economic power structures towards the media sector, as well as the decision of numerous journalists to embrace self-censorship due to external and in-house pressures. He argues that along with the different regimes, journalists themselves should also be blame for the precarious status of the journalistic profession. By ignoring ethics and codes of conduct in the face of government propaganda and highly problematic agendas, journalists have simultaneously contributed to the erosion of their own profession. The piece likewise suggests that international state and non-state actors can only provide evaluations and recommendations, but not the solution to the media crisis in Serbia and the regime’s preference for authoritarian rule.

The full analysis is available here.

ENC Analysis: Will Deliberation Save Our Democracies? A domestic and foreign policy analysis

By Publications, Research No Comments

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis entitled “Will Deliberation Save Our Democracies? A domestic and foreign policy analysis”

The ENC Analysis of November 2020 is written by Samuel Doveri Vesterbye, ENC Managing Director and expert in Turkey and the Middle East and Pepijn Kennis, ENC External Advisor and Member of the Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region.

The 21st century democracies have witnessed lower voter turnouts in elections, declining trust in public institutions and widening polarisation, both politically and socially.  Samuel Doveri Vesterbye and Kennis Pepijn provide an analysis of the ineffectiveness of our current electoral governance systems with regards to polarisation, information consumption and new technologies, including disinformation. The authors draw on literature and academia to explain how information is being consumed and how societies are increasingly divided. They explain how online algorithms and digital echo chambers are increasingly polarising voters while enhancing levels of disinformation, which pose both a problem in domestic and foreign policy. The analysis paper examines how deliberative democratic governance based on sortition can help curtail these issues. It is recommended that new and effective citizens-based democratic models should be used more and institutionalised within the EU domestic and foreign policy context, particularly through local-to-local (municipal; civil society) cooperation and democracy instruments in EU foreign policy to fight disinformation.

The full analysis is available in the PDF version below.

pdf4 Will Deliberation Save Our Democracies? A domestic and foreign policy analysis

ENC Analysis: “Keep your friends close and Turkey closer: EU-Turkey relations in the midst of global and regional crisis.”

By Publications No Comments

ENC Analysis: “Keep your friends close and Turkey closer: EU-Turkey relations in the midst of global and regional crisis.”

The ENC Analysis is written by Samuel Doveri Vesterbye, ENC Managing Director and expert in Turkey and the Middle
East. This paper focuses on the discovery of five gas fields of natural gas reserves located in Cypriot, Egyptian and Israeli maritime exclusive economic zones (EEZ). A proposed underwater Eastmed Pipeline (e.g. From Cyprus through Crete to Italy) could transport future gas discoveries to Europe. An alternative option also suggests the expansion of existing (or new) regasification plants along the littoral state(s) in the region. The author argues that both solutions will pose ecological and economical challenges and will interfere with non-delineated waters, which are disputed by Turkey. In addition, Ankara continues to engage in seismic and drilling activities off the coast of Cyprus and Greek islands, which has convinced littoral states that Turkey won’t accept international law if a pipeline were to be built. As European countries gear up for the Special European Council on the 24th and 25th of September, relations between the European Union (EU) and Turkey have hit rock bottom. Ankara’s decision to pull back the Oruç Reis for “maintenance” is positive, but the risk of further punitive measures against Turkey now depends on internal EU negotiations.

ENC Analysis – Russia’s disinformation campaigns in the occupied territories of Georgia

By Publications No Comments

ENC Analysis – Russia’s disinformation campaigns in the occupied territories of Georgia

The European Neighbourhood Council (ENC) released its new analysis entitled “Russia’s disinformation campaigns in the occupied territories of Georgia: a brief analysis of speeches and historical documentation”.

The ENC Analysis of June 2020 is written by Dr. Nika Chitadze, ENC’s External Advisor, Professor of the International Black Sea University and Director of the Center for International Studies.

Dr. Nika Chitadze analyses the new tactics of destabilisation perpetrated by Vladimir Putin in the Abkhazia and Tskhinvali region (the former South Ossetian Autonomous District). The author argues that the Kremlin’s current policy of spreading misinformation about Georgia has distorted the views of its past and undermined its appeals within the international community. The article aims at countering this narrative by presenting a detailed and fact-based analysis of the historical chronology of the country while exposing Russian myths and propaganda.

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The full analysis is available in the PDF version below.
pdf4Russia’s disinformation campaigns in the occupied territories of Georgia: a brief analysis of speeches and historical documentation

Socio-economic Impact of COVID-19 and Media Consumption among Vulnerable Communities in Central Asia

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Socio-economic Impact of COVID-19 and Media Consumption among Vulnerable Communities in Central Asia

The authors, Samuel Doveri Vesterbye, ENC Managing Director, Andreas Marazis, ENC Head of Research for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and Shairbek Dzhuraev, co-founder and president of Crossroads Central Asia, examined the way vulnerable communities use different kinds of media in Central Asia, with a specific focus on social media. The research aimed at determining the information needs of labour migrants and their families, refugees, stateless people and ethnic minorities, as well as rural populations, youth, minorities and marginalised groups affected by the COVID-19 pandemic across Central Asia.